The following vignettes describe the circumstances for killings not ruled self-defense by private individuals with permits to carry concealed handguns. The incidents below all occurred in Nebraska. The descriptions include the current, known status of any charges filed against the concealed carry killer as reported by news sources as well as noting instances where the perpetrator committed suicide.

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Concealed Handgun Permit Holder: Catessa Barnum  CONVICTED

Date: September 23, 2017
People Killed: 1

On September 23, 2017, concealed handgun permit holder Catessa Barnum, 27, shot and killed Shadaisja Hill, 15, at a jitney stand, an underground cab service, in Omaha, Nebraska. Barnum and Shadaisja Hill’s mother, Porcha Hill, both had children with the same father and the two women had been feuding for weeks. Porcha Hill along with a group of women “squared off” with Barnum at a convenience store where words were exchanged the afternoon prior to the shooting. At approximately 2:15 AM the next morning, Porcha and a group of women, two of whom were carrying aluminum baseball bats, emerged from an SUV and confronted Barnum. Barnum fired what she characterized as a warning shot to disperse the group, but the bullet stuck and killed Shadaisja Hill, who was still inside the SUV. Barnum’s attorney argued that her client fired the shot in self-defense after being ambushed by the group of women. In February 2019, Barnum pleaded no contest to manslaughter. In exchange, prosecutors dropped a weapon use charge that could have added up to 50 years to her sentence. On April 23, 2019, Catessa Barnum was sentenced to five years of probation.

Source: “Judge gives probation to Omaha woman who killed a 15-year-old after firing warning shot at romantic rival,”, April 23, 2019; “Omaha woman pleads to manslaughter in ‘stupid,’ ‘avoidable’ shooting,”, February 28, 2019.


Concealed Handgun Permit Holder: Carl Heng  CONVICTED

Date: August 24, 2015
People Killed: 1

On August 24, 2015, concealed handgun permit holder Carl Heng, 25, allegedly shot and killed Robert Lane, 25, following an incident involving Lane’s girlfriend. Lane’s girlfriend worked with Heng, and according to prosecutors, she called him to her apartment because of an argument she was having with Lane. Words were exchanged between Heng and Lane and when Lane went to open the girlfriend’s apartment door, Heng allegedly shot Lane twice. Lane later died at a hospital. Heng claims he acted in self defense. Heng was arrested and charged with second degree murder and use of a weapon to commit a felony.

UPDATE: On August 2, 2016, Carl Heng was found guilty of manslaughter and use of a firearm to commit a felony in the death of Robert Lane. On September 28, 2016, Heng was sentenced to seven to 12 years for manslaughter and seven to 10 years for use of the firearm. The sentences are to be served consecutively and under state sentencing guidelines Heng must be released after 13 and a half years.

Source: “Omaha man must serve at least 9 ½ years for fatal shooting,” Omaha World-Herald, September 28, 2016; “Jury rejects claims of self-defense, finds Omaha man guilty of manslaughter in 2015 shooting death,” Omaha World-Herald, August 3, 2016; “SW Omaha shooting suspect denied bond, claims self defense,”, August 27, 2015.